Most tenancies created before 1989 were regulated by the first of two statutory codes, the first being that set up by the Rent Act 1977. This Act consolidated all the Rent Acts that had been passed since the first (temporary) Rent Act passed in 1915. Such tenancies are known as protected tenancies and they changed the underlying common law in three main ways:

  1. By introducing rent regulation, which meant the landlord had to not only charge a fair rent but couldn’t increase it unless it was in accordance with complex statutory legislation;
  2. By introducing long-term security of tenure;
  3. By introducing ‘rules of succession’ which denoted what happened to the tenancy after the death of the tenant.
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